What is the need for Wireless Site Survey?

What is Site Survey?

Wireless Link Site survey feasibility check Long Distance

A Site Survey is a map/diagrammatic representation of the site where we are going to implement the wireless networking. A radio frequency (RF) site survey is the first step in the deployment of a Wireless network and the most important step to ensure desired operation. A site survey is a task−by−task process by which the surveyor studies the facility to understand the customer requirement, infrastructure, requirements, areas to be covered, geographical location of the site.

What is the need for Wireless Site Survey?

The first step of the Wireless implementation in a site is to do a site survey to understand the following:

    • To understand the customer requirements


    • To understand the infrastructure of the proposed site


    • To make a note of the requirements during the project implementation


    • To know the coverage area.


    • To do a general feasibility study


Advantages of doing a site survey !

  • A site survey helps define the contours of RF coverage in a given facility
  • Helps to identify the hindering issues that can arise during
  • Project implementation
  • Helps better understanding of the site
  • Helps to prepare the BOM for the site
  • Serves as a guide for wireless network design
  • Help in implementing the wireless project without any hindering issues
  • Helps in verifying the wireless infrastructure after implementation

Preparing for a Site survey?

The planning of a wireless involves collecting information’s and making decisions. Some of the topics are to be taken care and noted during a site survey:

    • Facility Analysis


    • Existing Networks


    • Area Usage and Towers


    • Purpose & Business Requirements


    • Bandwidth Requirements


    • Available Resources


    • Security Requirements


What are the design constraints that a proper site survey needs to address ?

How to do Wireless Point to point Site Survey for long distance connectivity



The four main design requirements that need to be taken care of while a site survey is performed are:

  1. High Availability
  2. Scalability
  3. Manageability
  4. Interoperability


Site survey Kit checklist


Some of the basic equipment and utilities that are required for the completion of a site survey include:


  • Laptop and/or PDA with wireless client card


  • Wireless PC card with driver and utility software


  • Wireless access point as needed


  • Indoor and outdoor antennas as per the requirement


  • GPS (Global Positioning System)


  • Site survey utility software


  • Binoculars


  • Digital Camera for taking picture of the location


  • Site survey report


  • Tool Set



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